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La Argentinita

Encarnación López Júlvez, also known as "La Argentinita". Born in Buenos Aires in 1898 and died in New York, USA, in 1945 September 24. during a surgery operation. Daughter of artists, her father was guitarist and her mother from Aragon.
As many other great dancers she always sung, and the records that we have from her are popular themes, traditional in flamenco.
Her first big love was the bullfighter "Joselito" José Gómez Ortega, called Gallito (1895 May 8. in Gelves, Sevilla and 1920 May 16. in Sevilla in the bull square of Talavera de la Reina).
Her second big love was the bullfighter Ignacio Sánchez Mejías "Sevilla, June 6. 1891 - Madrid, AUgust 13. 1934), an intellectual bullfighter connected to the writers of the "Generacion del 27". The distinguished dancer and "tonadillera" will be its muse.
She was friend of the most brilliant poets of her time, like Federico García Lorca (Fuente Vaqueros, Granada, June 5. 1898  -  August 18. 1936 between Víznar and Alfacar) and Rafael Alberti (El Puerto de Santa María, Cádiz, December 16 1902 - El Puerto de Santa María, Cádiz, October 28. 1999). Her last dance was for Indalecio Prieto Oviedo (April 30. 1883 - Ciudad e México, February 11. 1962). Daughter of Spanish persons and sister of Pilar López. Her family came back to SPain when she was six years old, moving to Madrid, she went at teh dance academy of "Manuel Fontesilla" and the "Julia Castelao". At eight years old the businessman Pardiñas gave her the artistic name of "La Argentinita".
With twelve years old she was dancing in the "Salone sde Atocha" and in "La Romea", then she performed in the "Teatro La Latina", "Príncipe Alfonso", "Teatro de la Comedia",  "La Princesa", "El Apolo", etc.
In 1920 she danced in Buenos Aires and in 1922 she is back in Madrid, she retired in 1929 to come back in the theaters "Alhambra" in Paris and "Scala" of Berlin.
She joined the artists and writers group of the Generacion del 27 and the poets advised her on topics and geve her ideas. She will direct her ballet "Las Called de Cadiz", sevillanas from the XVIII. Century.
She also created a personal version of "El Amor Brujo", with stars as "La Macarrona", "La Malena", Fernanda Antuñez, Rafael Ortega and Antonio de Triana.
In 1933, she presents his new show at the theater "Fallade de Cádiz" and then in the "Español" of Madrid, and then she carries on all over Spain. In 1934 she performed her show for the first time in the theater "Campos Eliseos" in Paris, the critics recognize her as a great artist of the international panorama dance.
In 1934 she offered only two performences in the theater "Poliorama" of Barcelona, and she came back to Madrid in 1935, year of her trip to America.
From 1941 to 1942 she changed twice of partner, first she replaces Antonio de Triana with Federico Rez, and bext year she replaced him with Italo Americano José Greco, hiring also the Mexican Manolo Vargas.
1943 is an important year, the most important businessman of the US, Sol Hurok, presents her in the Metropolitan House of New Cork. He was the agent of Vladimir Ashkenazy, Isadora Duncan, Anna Pavlova, Mstislav Rostropovich, Arthur Rubinstein and many more and he noticed "La Argentinita".
She was buried in Madrid.

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